The second-largest city in Slovakia, the southeastern centre of the country, is Košice. The city along the Hornad River (also called the Hornad river) has a rich history and cultural heritage. It has many attractions, most of which can be found in the historic city centre. Not far from Košice, you can discover several natural values.
The Slovak name of the town with an area of 242,768 km² is Košice. Its population is almost 240,000; only Bratislava has bigger numbers.
|Location||Eastern Carpathians, Kosice basin|
|Distance from Bratislava||4.5 hours / 400 km|
|Population||240 000 p|
Where is Kosice?
Address, map, distance, approach
Košice is located in the southeastern part of Slovakia, only a few kilometres from the Hungarian border. It is located in the Košice Basin and is part of the Eastern Carpathians. The city is divided by the river Hernád.
- Distance to Bratislava: 4.5 hours / 400 km
There are so many monuments in the centre of Kosice that they form the largest urban monument reserve in Slovakia. The main attraction of the monument reserve is the main square, which is constantly bustling with tourists.
#1 St. Elizabeth's Cathedral
The main square is surrounded by beautiful historic buildings. Here you will also find the Gothic-style St. Elizabeth's Cathedral, the largest church in Slovakia.
#2 Urban Tower
On the north side of the cathedral, you will find the 14th century Urban Tower. The tower is the second oldest monument in Košice. It was built in the first half of the 14th century, originally as the belfry of the church. In front of the tower, you can see today the renovated Urban bell, which was destroyed in the 1966 fire.
#3 St. Michael's Chapel
St. Michael is the patron saint of the dead. A 14th-century chapel was built in his honour, which served as the cemetery chapel belonging to the city. The cemetery lay south of it. Today it stands on the main square next to the Urban tower.
#4 Musical fountain
Next to the square, you find the Spievajúca singing fountain, which entertains those who pass by.
#5 City Wall, Lower Gate
To the south of the main square are the remains of a medieval city wall. Here you will also find the so-called Lower Gate, which is a unique archaeological complex. Here you can see some of the 13th-century castle walls of Košice.
The remains of the city's lower gate were excavated during an extensive reconstruction of the main street between 1996-1997. The castle walls showed here date from the second half of the 13th century, the fortification of the town was completed in the period 1706-1710.
#6 Coat of arms statue
The Coat of Arms statue (Erb mesta Košice) can be found in the main square of the Old Town, on the south side of the Chapel of St. Michael. The statue is a public bronze statue of the angelic coat of arms depicting the city from 1502. Behind the statue is the tower of the Košice Cathedral.
#7 Pest Monument
The Pest Monument (Immaculata) is a 14-meter-high ornate column built in 1723. At the top is the figure of the Virgin Mary, with statues of St. Joseph, St. Sebastian and St. Ladislaus on the sides. The statue was erected at the site of its former loss, expressing gratitude for plagues, wars and famine.
#8 James Palace
The neo-Gothic building was built in 1899 by the famous local architect Árpád Jakab. One of the curiosities of the building is that the owner of the brick factory built the palace as a residential building, for which even the building stones scrapped during the reconstruction of St. Elizabeth's Cathedral were used.
Once the palace stood in a quiet corner of the city, today the main square is next to it. It is located in an idyllic setting on the corner of Mill and Štefánik streets.
#9 Botanical Garden
If you love flowers and gardens, you should visit the Kosice Botanical Garden. The 20-hectare area is just a 30-minute walk from the city center. In addition to local specimens, tropical plants can also be found in the greenhouses.
- Admission: 3 euros
- Opening hours in summer: 09:00 to 18:00
- Opening hours: 09:00 to 15:00
- Address: Mánesova 23, 040 01 Sever, Slovakia
#10 ZOO Kosice
If you come to Kassa with children, you can not miss the huge zoo, which is 20 minutes away from the city. The park has 285 species of animals and a total of 1,500 specimens for children and adults alike. The zoo also has a dinosaur park.
- Adult ticket: between 4 and 6 euros
- Address: Ulica k Zoologickej záhrade 1, 040 01 Kavečany, Slovakia
#11 DinoPark Kosice
The Dinosaur Park is located in the zoo, 25 minutes from Košice. It offers an ideal half-day program with children. You can walk the forest path on a comfortable, well-designed road, where life-size dinosaurs are waiting for you.
- Adult ticket: 8 euros
- Kosice distance: 25 minutes by car
- Address: DinoPark Kosice, 040 01 Kavečany, Slovakia
#12 Bobsleigh track
Bobová dráha Košice - Kavečany
The summer bobsleigh track is 1-2 minutes from the zoo, outside the city of Košice. The 800-meter-long course with bends has been made even more exciting. It also promises to be a great program with kids.
- Adult ticket: 3 euros
- Opening hours: 09:00 to 19:00
- Košice distance: 10 km, 15 minutes
- Address: Kavečany 346, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia
#13 Kosice Historic Children's Railway
The children's railway is located only a few minutes away from Kassa. The railway was built in 1956 and today operates as a museum railway. The train will run until the end of October.
- Ticket: 4 euros
- Address: Čermeľská cesta, 040 01 Sever, Slovakia
Košice was already a populated place in the 13th century, when the hospes who immigrated to Hungary settled here. The name of the village first appeared in written form in 1230 (it was still a royal estate at that time).
It is worth highlighting that Hungarian king Bela IV. gave some privileges to the city.
After the extinction of the Hungarian Árpád dynasty, it functioned more and more as an independent settlement. In 1307, Charles I of Hungary even received industrial patents from Košice. Then the conflict between the king and the city escalated. In 1312, Károly Róbert besieged the town supporting Matthew III Csák.
From 1347 it became a free royal city. The city belonged to the Principality of Transylvania for a long time in the 17th century. In 1644, the orders proclaimed György I. Rákóczi the prince of Hungary.
The town was the seat of the bishop of Eger between the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1657, the Jesuits founded a college and a printing press here. The city walls were gradually demolished in the late 18th century, leaving only a few parts of it (Executioner Bastion and some sections of the wall).