The Federal Republic of Germany and its provinces are partly sovereign federal states, which we call "Land" in German. The three smallest states are Berlin (the capital), Bremen and Hamburg, which are often called "Stadtstaaten", i.e. city-states.
Map of Germany's states
Germany is one of the largest and most populous countries in Central Europe. It is home to diverse landscapes bordering the North Sea, the Baltic Sea to the north, Lake Constance (Bodensee) and the towering Alps to the south.
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The country's largest province is Bavaria (70e hectares), followed by Lower Saxony (47e hectares) and Baden-Wüttemberg (35e hectares).
List of the states of Germany
|States of Germany||Capitol||Territory||Berlin distance (km)|
|Bavaria (Bayern)||München||70 549||600|
|Saxony (Sachsen)||Dresden||18 415||200|
|Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)||Hannover||47 620||300|
|Thuringia (Türingen)||Erfurt||16 172||300|
|Nort Rhine - Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen)||Düsseldorf||34 084||500|
|Hesse (Hessen)||Wiesbaden||21 115||600|
|Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt)||Magdeburg||20 446||160|
|Rheinland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz)||Mainz||19 853||580|
We could divide the provinces into two larger groups. The 6 eastern regions below are the so-called "new member states" that joined the German Republic on October 3, 1990:
Regions of Germany
From a geographic perspective, the country has four regions (these are not states). These are:
- the North German Lowland
- the Central German Uplands
- Southern Germany
- the Alpine Foreland and the Alps
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