Everyone is familiar with the name Tyrol, as the area is perhaps the most famous province in Europe. The region in Austria is one of the strongholds of skiing, while in summer, those looking for an active hike in the Alps. Families with children are happy to explore gorges, do rafting, or hike into the green valleys.
History of Tyrol
The region got its name from the Italian counties of Tyrol, who came from the present-day settlement of Tirolo.
The vast area formed a whole in Austria until 1919. It was later split in two during the Peace of Saint-Germain. The southern part of the province was annexed to Italy, leaving the northern territory to Austria with a smaller, separate (eastern) part.
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- North Tyrol
- Eastern Tirol (Östtirol)
- North Tyrol (Nordtirol)
- East Tyrol (Östtirol)
Together, the two area makes the Austrian province of Tyrol, which is one of the 9 provinces in the country. Its capital is Innsbruck.
In common parlance, when one refers to Tyrol, one usually refers to the region of North Tyrol in Austria. When it comes to Italian Tyrol, it is almost always called South Tyrol.
Tyrol's most important river is the Inn, the most populous city on its banks - Innsbruck.
Eastern Tirol (Östtirol)
The detachment of the southern part resulted in the detachment of a small area on the Austrian side that did not border each other (see map). This part is called Eastern Tyrol and is officially part of Tyrol, so it is not a separate territory.
Regions of Tyrol
There are 9 districts or regions in the province
- Lienz (Eastern Tirol)
Tyrol has always played a major role in shipping between Italian, German, and Austrian territories. Therefore, the highway system is well established and busy.
The map below shows the motorway route in Tyrol.
South Tyrol, Italy
Officially, the Italian part is called South Tyrol, while the remaining northern and eastern parts are simply called Tyrol.
Tyrol lies entirely in the Alps, so the view is defined by the peaks of the mountain range. Austria's highest point, the Grossglockner, is also located here.
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